Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global - download pdf or read online

By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

ISBN-10: 113746125X

ISBN-13: 9781137461254

ISBN-10: 1349498874

ISBN-13: 9781349498871

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for tutorial positions - is a debatable yet unusually universal perform the world over. This publication is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the explanations, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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Sample text

2 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature Olga Gorelova and Maria Yudkevich Introduction The problem of faculty inbreeding has been studied by researchers around the world for nearly a century. This chapter presents a thorough summary of the main studies focused on this phenomenon, beginning with definitions of inbreeding and a short historical discussion of when and where the first interest in inbreeding emerged. The chapter then presents what the literature has to say about possible reasons for inbreeding policies as well as the consequences of such practices.

Berelson (1960) notes that high inbreeding rate in elite universities is a “statistical consequence” of their dominant position within their respective systems, as they are the main producers of PhD holders and must hire from within, while newer universities appear later in the context of more developed academic systems and hire faculty members from elite universities (Horta, Sato, and Yozenawa 2011). The fact that 22 Academic Inbreeding: State of the Literature elite universities are the main producers of doctoral degree holders also explains the finding that top-ranked programs in the United States hire from among each other to maintain their elite status.

This is explained by “middle-status conformity” theory, as high- and low-status people/institutions may excuse themselves from following certain norms. In Latin America, inbreeding practices have been studied in Mexico and Brazil. In Brazil, the study of publication and citation practices among agricultural scientists by Velho and Krige (1984) analyzed 41 publications of academics from two Brazilian universities and the references used in those publications. The authors found that Brazilian agricultural academics published mostly in domestic journals and predominantly cited their colleagues from the same Olga Gorelova and Maria Yudkevich 37 university.

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Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives by Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

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