By Gunnar Eliasson
The fundamental subject of this ebook is to enquire the macroeconomic importance of the "cloud" of technological spillovers that surrounds complex commercial creation: In what methods do technological options unfold and give a contribution to fiscal progress? What regulations might be built to maximise the industrial capability of strategies? those topics are relatively well timed within the context of worldwide fiscal difficulty, government-sponsored stimulus programs, and the continuing evolution from manufacturing-based to knowledge-based economies. To discover those concerns intensive, Gunnar Eliasson specializes in a close case examine of the improvement of Saab’s army airplane, the JAS 39 Gripen system—a undertaking that comprises complex technological techniques, a posh community of providers, public-private area collaboration, and either army and advertisement functions. The adventure within the plane can be in comparison with spillover results in telephony, pcs, and scientific applied sciences. The examine emphasizes the position of shopper competence in elevating the standard of innovation offer, and of entrepreneurship and industrially useful enterprise capital for commercializing spillovers. Eliasson integrates micro-econometrics and case research research with macroeconomics, innovation learn tools, and company management idea to degree the results of expertise spillovers and generate a fantastic empirical starting place for coverage research. specifically, he considers:
- the position of powerfuble public (government) procurement as a brand new call for coverage to help innovation supply
- the emergence of the complex corporations as "technical university," the place continuous studying happens and entrepreneurship between consumers and different stakeholders is encouraged
- issues of highbrow estate rights and the social price of technological innovations
- the implications for strategic enterprise perform and public policy
The result's a e-book that would attract a wide spectrum of teachers, leaders, and policymakers drawn to the dynamics of innovation provide, commercialization of applied sciences and fiscal growth.
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Extra resources for Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University
Most of the spillover value would be lost under alternatives (1) and (2). Around 1980 a decision had been taken to equip the Swedish Air Force with a new combat aircraft so the problem was reduced to which design to choose. Today, however, the decision might also include the problem to consider what else can be done with the budgeted money, and two additional alternatives might be discussed; return the money to the tax payers in the form of lower taxes, or spend it on subsidizing other forms of R&D to compensate for the loss of the technology cloud.
The demanded equipment, the aircraft and 2. The cloud of technology the economic value of which depends on the local ability to commercialize it Since the social value created depends positively on the local ability to commercialize the cloud of spilled technology the aircraft producer’s effort may also include the complementary service of maximizing the private rent that may be extracted from the cloud by supporting its commercialization. This is particularly common in public purchasing of defense products of industrially developing countries with little or no own local commercialization competence.
They have become especially important in the JAS 39 Gripen development because of its large electronics and software content. Over the last two to three decades aircraft industry has shifted its core technology base into the intersection of sensors, electronics, and hydraulic systems integrated with mechanical devices and new materials through software. Almost the entire engineering industry is now following aircraft industry in that direction. Thus, for instance, the landing gear of the JAS 39 Gripen (using early Saabdeveloped ABS technology) packs as much computing power as the early versions of the entire previous generation Viggen combat aircraft.
Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University by Gunnar Eliasson